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English as a world language is more than a way to exchange information but a means to solidify certain social hierarchy and represent certain social interests. English as a Foreign Language (EFL) teachers should instruct critical awareness to empower students to transform social injustice and fulfill responsibilities as global citizens. This experimental study aims to investigate how Chinese EFL reading classes integrate with critical practice, whether critical literacy practice (CLP)...
Topics: ERIC Archive, Critical Literacy, English (Second Language), Second Language Learning, Second...
In recent years research has recognised that notions of body image, body image ideals and body dissatisfaction develop much earlier than was once thought. Forty-seven children (25 male; 22 female) aged between 5 and 6 years were interviewed on three occasions over 12 months regarding their perceptions of body image. The interviews revealed strong negative perceptions of fatness. However, being overweight or even obese was not always correlated with being unhealthy. Conversely, the desire...
Topics: ERIC Archive, Foreign Countries, Young Children, Self Concept, Etiology, Health, Obesity, Birbeck,...
This paper discusses how deliberation and critical reflection contribute to the quality of teachers' work. The paper defines deliberation and notes factors that could interfere with the process. The paper then examines critical reflection theory, differentiating three types of assumptions, and highlighting four "lenses" that can help the process of reflection. The paper concludes with an example of how deliberation and critical reflection are used to improve practice in a 2-year early...
Topics: ERIC Archive, Early Childhood Education, Foreign Countries, Problem Solving, Reflective Teaching,...
This paper discusses the move from learning theories from the industrial society to learning theories from and for dialogic societies. While in the past intrapsychological elements, such as mental schemata of prior knowledge, were the key to explain learning, today's theories point to interaction and dialogue as the main means for achieving deep understandings of the curriculum. Concepts arising from psychology and sociology are essential to understand this new conceptualization of learning:...
Topics: ERIC Archive, Constructivism (Learning), Dialogs (Language), Learning Processes, Academic...
A proposal that further generalizes a rule in Government and Binding theory (Chomsky, 1981) is examined for its implications for acquisition of verb movement. Mark Baker's proposal extends the Move-alpha rule to posit that the head of any phrase may be moved to become incorporated into the head of any phrase that properly governs the phrase where the incorporating head originated. The study uses longitudinal data collected for four 2- and 3-year-old children acquiring K'iche'. It was found that...
Topics: ERIC Archive, Foreign Countries, Grammar, Language Acquisition, Language Research, Linguistic...
Introduced in Indonesia in 1977, the Learning Kejar Packet A (LKPA) is an educational program for low-literate people and primary school dropouts. The 20-year-old program is still flourishing, but are its ideas still valid and what are the secrets of its longevity? The first reason probably lies in the contents and design of the learning materials called Packet A. The contents---knowledge, skills, and attitude--are closely linked to real-life situations. Motivating factors are also built in....
Topics: ERIC Archive, Adult Basic Education, Basic Skills, Dropout Programs, Dropouts, Foreign Countries,...
The Chilean authorities plan to raise budgetary allocations over the medium term for a variety of social programmes, including education, health care and housing. This incremental spending will need to be carried out in a cost-efficient manner to make sure that it yields commensurate improvements in social outcomes. Chile's health indicators show that it fares relatively well in relation to comparator countries in the OECD area and in Latin America. But this is less so in the case of education,...
Topics: ERIC Archive, Health Services, Public Education, Housing, Foreign Countries, Health Insurance,...
This report highlights trends in disease patterns and technological advances that call for sweeping changes in the education of oral health personnel. It first provides a brief history of the development of dental education. The second and most extensive section analyzes global trends for dental caries, periodontal conditions, tooth loss and edentulousness, developmental disorders, systemic diseases, and traumatic injuries. The third section considers what these trends will mean in terms of the...
Topics: ERIC Archive, Allied Health Occupations Education, Dental Health, Dental Hygienists, Dental...
Negative aspects concerning military career and service life can have widespread effects in many aspects of the military personnel system. Areas of irritants in the military service discussed, involving Australia, Canada, U.K., and the U.S., are the following: negative aspects of service life, sources of job satisfaction in the military service, and factors related to the termination of service. Identifying these negative aspects would lead to an understanding of the problem viewed by...
Topics: ERIC Archive, Comparative Analysis, Enlisted Personnel, Foreign Countries, Job Satisfaction,...
Ten years of intensive research and development in foreign language teaching in Finland have resulted in a foreign language curriculum with a communicative orientation and textbooks to accompany it. Another outcome of this work was a realization of the complexity of language teaching, which led to models of the language teaching process. One such model illustrates the complex interdependence of the curriculum, available teaching materials, teacher training, expectations of various interest...
Topics: ERIC Archive, Change Strategies, Communicative Competence (Languages), Curriculum Design,...
Play is a central facilitating element of early development. As a child plays, he or she practices spontaneously cognitive, emotional, and motor abilities. This research project, part of a larger project on early intervention with young disabled children, investigated the play of children with a motor handicap. The sample consisted of 61 disabled children age 0 to 7 years who regularly visit the department of Paediatric Neurology at Tampere University Hospital in Finland. Cognitive development...
Topics: ERIC Archive, Developmental Disabilities, Disabilities, Early Childhood Education, Early...
This master's research project investigated teaching practices in a Native community school in Manitoba in relation to the school's high dropout rate. The school was located on an isolated Native reserve in northern Manitoba, providing education through grades 9-10. In contrast to successful Native education programs elsewhere that are based in Native language and culture, the school delivered the standard Manitoba provincial education program. In the higher grades, student attendance was very...
Topics: ERIC Archive, American Indian Education, American Indians, Canada Natives, Culture Conflict,...
This paper discusses methodological difficulties in studying metacognition and proposes a new multi-method technique for assessing student metacognitive behavior. The major aim of the study was to develop and apply a strategy for assessing metacognition within the context of mathematical problem solving. Data were collected from 30 year-6 students in Australia. Students were involved in three clinical interviews each in which they followed the same procedure with different types of mathematical...
Topics: ERIC Archive, Audiotape Recordings, Elementary School Students, Evaluation Methods, Foreign...
Should school be a place where children go because they want to go? Yes. Should school be a place where children only go if they want to? Yes. This paper questions the way that we educate our children, taking evidence, not from a school based perspective, but from research (Rothermel 1999a) into those families who choose not to use the system placed there for our benefit by successive British governments: those children who are educated out of school. [This paper was published as: Rothermel, P....
Topics: ERIC Archive, Home Schooling, Foreign Countries, Children, Standards, Evaluation, Academic...
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"Perspective" is a monthly e-newsletter presenting news and views from Achieve. This month's issue commences with a report stating how the number of states that ensure the college and career readiness of their students has increased since Achieve first started tracking progress on the college- and career-ready policy agenda five years ago. This issue also reports that: (1) on June 23 it was announced that twenty-six states have formed the Partnership for the Assessment of Readiness...
Topics: ERIC Archive, Feedback (Response), State Schools, Teaching (Occupation), International Education,...
This manual provides practical examples of strategies, approaches, and materials for integrating population education into various developmental programs. It also serves as a reference for use by field workers in planning, implementing, and evaluating out-of-school population education programs. The examples of curricula, materials, and evaluation instruments provided are prototypes, and field workers are expected to adapt them to suit the specific local needs and requirements. Chapters...
Topics: ERIC Archive, Curriculum Development, Elementary Secondary Education, Foreign Countries,...
Identification of significant differences in sets of data is a common task of data mining. This paper describes a novel visualization technique that allows the user to interactively explore and analyze differences in mean values of analyzed attributes. Statistical tests of hypotheses are used to identify the significant differences and the results are then presented using Hasse diagrams. The presented technique has been tested on real data coming from pedagogical tests focused on evaluation of...
Topics: ERIC Archive, Secondary School Students, Foreign Countries, Data Analysis, Visualization,...
The teaching of digital literacies is regarded as an important facet of literacy teaching in the 21st century. With many literacy tests continuing to indicate that students' levels of achievement tend to be differentiated along socioeconomic lines, it seems timely to consider the connections between home and school and how these play out in relation to digital literacies. This is particularly important in light of the considerable evidence that has demonstrated how important home-school...
Topics: ERIC Archive, Disadvantaged, Prior Learning, Teaching Methods, Family Environment, Low Income...
As early childhood settings in many English speaking countries are becoming increasingly multi-ethnic due to global migration, this poses challenges for many early childhood teachers who work with diverse immigrant children and families. In an effort to include all families, curriculum developers and teachers often suggest and incorporate teaching strategies that are commonly considered as culturally inclusive. While these strategies may be well intended, they may be promoting and reinforcing...
Topics: ERIC Archive, Cultural Pluralism, Preschool Teachers, Immigrants, Early Childhood Education,...
The free market human capital discourse and its associated material practices now play a significant role in education. This discourse assumes that education is an economic site in which individuals invest in the acquisition of qualifications in order to maximize their future earning power. It demands the full privatization and deregulation of education. The development of the discourse is analyzed as follows: from 17th century scientific and liberal conceptions of the individual, society,...
Topics: ERIC Archive, Change Strategies, Educational Finance, Elementary Secondary Education, Finance...
The study compared gifted achievers (N=50) and underachievers (N=50) with each other and with average ability achievers and underachievers. Subjects were obtained from the total standard 10 Afrikaans speaking cohort in the Orange Free State (Republic of South Africa). Ability/achievement discrepancy scores were calculated for the entire cohort, and students with the highest positive discrepancy scores were compared with students with the highest negative discrepancy scores. Also examined were...
Topics: ERIC Archive, Assertiveness, Foreign Countries, Gifted, High Achievement, High Schools, Low...
This report focuses on the visual component of verbo-visual literacy, a communications concept involving the production, transmission, and perception of verbal and visual images. Five current problem areas in verbal-visual research are introduced and discussed: (1) communication (communication models, media consumption, new media, the information society, and screen communication); (2) perception, learning, and memory (our senses, listening and looking, and learning and memory); (3) literacy...
Topics: ERIC Archive, Cognitive Style, Communication Research, Communication (Thought Transfer), Foreign...
In his pioneer investigations of deductive logical reasoning competence, R. H. Ennis (R. H. Ennis and D. H. Paulus, 1965) used a multiple-choice format in which the premises are given, and it is asked whether the conclusion would then be true. In the adaptation of his work for use in Jamaica, the three possible answers were stated as "yes" (it must be true), "no" (it can not be true based on what you are told), and "maybe" (it may be true or false). In the original...
Topics: ERIC Archive, Adults, Cognitive Tests, Comparative Testing, Competence, Deduction, Foreign...
There is widespread agreement in Great Britain that the work force must receive more skills training if the country is to be competitive in the future. Of special concern is the 70 percent of the work force who left school at the earliest possible opportunity, and the (overlapping) 70 percent of the work force who have not received training for a long time. Barriers to training are seen as lack of time, lack of money, and negative attitudes toward learning. Recommendations can be made to...
Topics: ERIC Archive, Continuing Education, Economic Development, Educational Needs, Educational Policy,...
Research studies that have focused on the educational effectiveness of "Sesame Street" are reviewed, and a summary and synthesis of research results are presented. Educational effectiveness is defined as effectiveness in areas related to beginning schooling and the early years of the child's formal education. From the more than 100 empirical studies of the impact of "Sesame Street," 16 were chosen because they collected data on individual children. On the whole, the studies...
Topics: ERIC Archive, Childrens Television, Educational History, Educational Objectives, Educational...
This paper presents findings of a study that examined the effectiveness of professional-development programs for school administrators in Yap, as perceived by Yap principals. Data were gathered from: (1) a survey of 31 principals who participated in the programs over a 2-year period (1992-93 and 1993-94); and (2) a discussion with a focus group comprised of 8 principals, 4 central-office administrators, and 2 subject-area specialists. The survey respondents rated their programs according to...
Topics: ERIC Archive, Administrator Education, Educational Administration, Foreign Countries, Higher...
This SPEC kit which contains its accompanying SPEC Flyer prepared by the Systems and Procedures Exchange Center (SPEC) focuses on strategic planning. A planning process which emphasizes redefining goals and objectives and reordering priorities based on a dynamic environment, strategic planning has been considered to be particularly applicable to the continuous technological flux and constantly changing situation of research libraries. In designing this survey on strategic planning, the ARL...
Topics: ERIC Archive, Foreign Countries, Higher Education, Library Administration, Library Planning,...
Classroom management is defined as the organization of the classroom as a learning environment; the management of student discipline, order, and care; the grouping of students for different tasks and patterns of interaction; and the individualization of student learning. This paper reports on two Swedish case studies of contrasting classroom management styles of two grade 5 teachers, in terms of five management tasks: planning, control, motivation, grouping, and individualization. Mrs. A...
Topics: ERIC Archive, Case Studies, Class Activities, Class Organization, Classroom Environment, Classroom...
A common assumption in the outdoor field has been that women's development as outdoor leaders has not kept pace with their participation in outdoor adventure activities. A survey about women's employment was mailed to 103 outdoor education programs with an adventure component; 62 responded. The programs served 160,585 participants in 1994, of which 41 percent were female. The programs employed 3,401 staff, of which 45 percent were female. However, women made up only 38 percent of executive...
Topics: ERIC Archive, Administrator Attitudes, Adventure Education, Employed Women, Employment Level,...
The decision to establish equivalencies between vocational training diplomas in France and Germany is a legal act subject to publication in the official gazettes of both countries. The procedure for establishing the equivalence and forms of implementation is defined in arrangements adopted by the committee of Franco-German experts in application of the 1977 agreement between the two countries. Since 1987, the cumbersome procedure has been replaced by a system that examines all diplomas in an...
Topics: ERIC Archive, Developed Nations, Educational Certificates, Foreign Countries, International...
This qualitative study was conducted in 2006-2007 and found that teachers relied on a variety of readily available media to stay informed about the Middle East and used some of them in their teaching. Teachers tried to explain to their students that every Middle Eastern Muslim is not a terrorist and Iraq was not behind the 9/11 terrorist attacks. The guiding questions were: (1) What are the sources of news that teachers use to teach about the Middle East? (2) How do teachers use the media to...
Topics: ERIC Archive, Grounded Theory, Terrorism, Foreign Countries, Mass Media Effects, Muslims,...
The graduate of the Power System Electrician apprenticeship training is a journeyman who will be able to: (1) responsibly do all work tasks expected of a journeyman; (2) supervise, train and coach apprentices; (3) use and maintain hand and power tools to the standards of competency and safety required in the trade; (4) read and interpret drawing, plans and specifications and layout and develop projects according to specifications; (5) coordinate power system work with other trades employed in...
Topics: ERIC Archive, Foreign Countries, Apprenticeships, Course Descriptions, Competency Based Education,...
The purpose of this research is to analyze elementary school counselors' views about the individualized educational program. This is a descriptive research that based on a survey and interviews. A questionnaire consists of 18 questions about the implementation of individualized education programs were administered to 45 school counselors from different districts of Istanbul. According to research findings, school counselors found themselves inadequate for the individualized education program...
Topics: ERIC Archive, Individualized Education Programs, Disabilities, School Counselors, Educational...
The purpose of this study is to validate a test anxiety scale for Italian students. The scale is part of a questionnaire administered after the students' annual competence test by the National Institute for the Educational Evaluation of Instruction and Training (INVALSI). The aim of the scale is to explore the anxiety levels of Italian students during the administration of the standardized tests at the end of the school year. A test anxiety scale has been adapted from the Motivational and...
Topics: ERIC Archive, Reading Comprehension, Standardized Tests, Rating Scales, Questionnaires, Foreign...
In the paper some issues and problems regarding the implementation of ICT in initial vocational education and training in Slovenia are discussed. After the brief analysis of the main theoretical characteristics of ICT and e-materials, the key findings from the recent EU survey on the ICT in schools are presented and some conclusions on the basis of the results of the ICILS study are drawn. In the second part of the article, some of the most relevant findings from the empirical research...
Topics: ERIC Archive, Foreign Countries, Vocational Education, Program Implementation, Technology Uses in...
This paper discusses the essentials of engineering discourse in the structure of the ESP training at Southern Federal University (SFU) (Taganrog, Russia). The purpose of this paper is to justify critical rethinking of existing programs of technical students training in foreign languages at SFU taking into account the increasing role of engineering discourse in the professional socialization of future engineers and to enable them to integrate into the international professional community. The...
Topics: ERIC Archive, English for Special Purposes, Teaching Methods, Second Language Learning, Second...
The study sought to determine the role of health education on breast cancer awareness among University of Calabar female undergraduates. To achieve the purpose of the study, three hypotheses were formulated to guide the study. Related literature was reviewed, while a survey research design was adopted for the study. Appropriately develop and validated instrument: Awareness and Breast Cancer Disease reduction Questionnaire was validated with acceptable reliability indices. The research...
Topics: ERIC Archive, Health Education, Cancer, Females, Undergraduate Students, Foreign Countries,...
Many organisations are increasingly making use of employee recognition to motivate employees to achieve high performance and productivity. Research has shown that effective recognition occurs in organisations that have strong supportive culture, understand the psychology of praising employees for their good work, and apply the principles of employee recognition. This paper examined employee recognition, its benefits and the various types of employee recognition programs. It also sought to...
Topics: ERIC Archive, Employees, Foreign Countries, Universities, Recognition (Achievement), Rewards, Job...
The aim of this study was to evaluate the efficacy of yoga on spiritual intelligence in air traffic controllers in Tehran flight control center. This was a quasi-experimental research and the study population includes all air traffic controllers in Tehran flight control center. The sample consisted of 40 people of the study population that were selected through convenience sampling method and were randomly divided into experimental group (20) and control group (n = 20). This research was...
Topics: ERIC Archive, Foreign Countries, Traffic Safety, Spiritual Development, Metacognition, Relaxation...
This paper presents the rationale for the development of an elementary teacher training program designed to prepare students to teach in rural areas. The Province of British Columbia (Canada) is a vast geographic region populated by only two and a quarter million people. Most reside in rural communities ranging in population from a few hundred to several thousand. The schools in these small communities are the focal point of the teacher training program. At present most teacher training...
Topics: ERIC Archive, Elementary School Teachers, Foreign Countries, Higher Education, Rural Education,...
The Australian vocational education and training (VET) system provides training across a wide range of subject areas and is delivered through a variety of training institutions and enterprises (including to apprentices and trainees). The system provides training for students of all ages and backgrounds. Students may study individual subjects or full courses that lead to formal qualifications. This publication estimates the qualification completion rates of publicly funded VET qualifications in...
Topics: ERIC Archive, Qualifications, Foreign Countries, Vocational Education, Enrollment Rate, Graduation...
Education is the cornerstone of a nation's culture and an absolute necessity for economic prosperity and development. There is hardly any household in this country that is not concerned about the state of our education system particularly the secondary system. The structure is in a deplorable condition. Teachers are demoralized and disenchanted, as the system now produces millions of virtually illiterate young people who roam the streets in streets of employment that is not available. Crucial...
Topics: ERIC Archive, Secondary Schools, Public Schools, Educational Finance, Money Management, Educational...
This paper presents data on Ontario's student mobility for 2006. This report found that the desire to obtain both a college and university credential in Ontario's postsecondary system is considerable. At least one quarter of college students have serious intentions of attaining a degree after a diploma. Currently, over 7% of Ontario's college students have a university degree ([similar to] 6000 students annually) and almost 9% of college graduates go on to a university within six months of...
Topics: ERIC Archive, College Graduates, Credentials, Foreign Countries, College Students, Graduation,...
This Case Study Compendium provides an overview of the 12 cases that were investigated as part of the study "Executive Headteachers: What's in a Name?'" (Lord et al., 2016). The case study overviews are based on in-depth analysis and research as described in the full report (ibid) and the Technical Appendix (Harland and Bernardinelli, 2016). All examples have been simplified in order to provide a compendium of comparable cases and to highlight the distinctive features where relevant....
Topics: ERIC Archive, Foreign Countries, Principals, Administrator Role, School Administration,...
This essay describes the development of an English coursebook that drew upon environmental education for the content. The book was designed to assist Indonesian university students in learning English as a Foreign Language (EFL). The three authors of the present essay served as the book's three editors. The authors of the individual lessons in the coursebook were lecturers at Indonesian universities. The essay begins with a brief introduction to environmental education. Next, common...
Topics: ERIC Archive, Foreign Countries, Environmental Education, English Instruction, Second Language...
This article reports the development and results of a project within the Comenius program to promote teachers' occupational well-being, in which Finnish, Irish, Italian, and German school communities participated between 2003 and 2006. The project made use of participatory action research, in which the occupational well-being of staff was developed in accordance with the ideas and operational models of the learning organization. The occupational well-being of teachers along with its development...
Topics: ERIC Archive, Foreign Countries, International Programs, Teachers, Job Satisfaction, Well Being,...
The aim of this study is to investigate the relationship between the level of self-directed learning readiness, locus of control and the personality traits of preschool teacher candidates. The survey method was used for this study. The study group consisted of 151 teacher candidates who volunteered to participate in the study from Preschool Education department at Atatürk Faculty of Education, Marmara University. A Demographic Form, Self-Directed Learning Readiness Scale, The Big Five...
Topics: ERIC Archive, Investigations, Learning Readiness, Locus of Control, Personality Traits, Learner...
The purpose of this study is to examine the perceptions of children in preschool education with regard to the value of affection in the pictures they draw. The study involved 199 children aged 60 months old or above. The descriptive research method was used and data were collected with the draw-and-explain technique. During the collection of the data, the children were requested to draw a picture related to the value of affection and explain the picture they drew. The children's explanations...
Topics: ERIC Archive, Foreign Countries, Preschool Children, Childrens Art, Freehand Drawing, Psychological...
Many studies have focused on finding the level of effect that academic locus of control, tendencies towards academic dishonesty, and test anxiety levels have had on academic self-efficacy, and providing a separate explanation ratio for each. The relationship among the effects of the academic locus of control, tendencies towards academic dishonesty, test anxiety levels and academic self-efficacy with each other and explanation ratios of these relationships to each other were tested in this...
Topics: ERIC Archive, Locus of Control, Ethics, Test Anxiety, Predictor Variables, Self Efficacy, Academic...
This study explores the relationship between Iranian EFL juniors' self-efficacy beliefs and their employed vocabulary learning strategies. The participants were 50 juniors studying English Translation at University of Sistan & Baluchestan. The self-efficacy and vocabulary learning strategies questionnaires were administered to identify the students' self-efficacy beliefs and their vocabulary learning strategies. The obtained results revealed that students had rather high level of...
Topics: ERIC Archive, Foreign Countries, Beliefs, Self Efficacy, Learning Strategies, Vocabulary Skills,...
Connoisseurship evaluation is a form of evaluation and educational inquiry having qualitative characteristics. In this study, these skills are seen among Malaysian art teachers in secondary schools. Quality assessment depends on the evaluator who has the ability of some aspects. Among these are qualitative nuances experiences as well as ability to judge the goodness of the quality artwork. This study aims to look at the quality and evaluation skills of art teachers in Malaysia. The quality of...
Topics: ERIC Archive, Foreign Countries, Secondary School Teachers, Art Teachers, Painting (Visual Arts),...
With the widespread use of mobile phones and portable devices it is inevitable to think of Mobile Assisted Language Learning as a means of independent learning in Higher Education. Nowadays many learners are keen to explore the wide variety of applications available in their portable and always readily available mobile phones and tablets. The fact that they are keen to take control of their learning and autonomy is thought to lead to greater motivation and engagement, and the link with...
Topics: ERIC Archive, Handheld Devices, Second Language Learning, Educational Technology, Computer Assisted...
This study aims to identify the factors in suicide risk among college students by examining the direct and indirect effects of drug use, internet addiction, gender, and alcohol use on suicide risk. The sample of the study is composed of 975 students studying at different faculties of Ahi Evran University during the academic year 2011-2012. They were selected through convenience sampling. This study used the University Form of Risk Behaviors Scale and Internet Addiction Scale as the data...
Topics: ERIC Archive, At Risk Persons, College Students, Suicide, Drug Abuse, Internet, Addictive Behavior,...
This qualitative study analyzes the results of a pedagogical and didactic experiment which was focused on the problem of teaching environmentally-friendly behaviours to young kindergarten children. It is essential to awaken children's curiosity and desire to know more about environmental issues in their regions so that children develop their own answers to problems. Our research focus was to understand the potential of practical-experimental activities connected to ecology, in a relaxed and...
Topics: ERIC Archive, Qualitative Research, Teaching Methods, Ecology, Preschool Children, Constructivism...
The modern picture of the world is experiencing a permanent transformation, adapting to the influence of various globalization factors, the dominance of information technology, dynamic development of a material environment, etc. In these circumstances, the society faces a problem of a technocratic knowledge domination without attention to humanitarian knowledge. In this context, the role of spiritual development is lost, as well as the role of moral growth, human values, the importance of...
Topics: ERIC Archive, Art Education, Humanities, Trend Analysis, Educational Trends, Spiritual Development,...
Vocabulary knowledge is an integral part of second/foreign language learning. Thus, using teaching methods that can help learners retain and expand their vocabulary knowledge is necessary to facilitate the language learning process. The current research investigated the effectiveness of an interactive classroom method, known as Project-Based Learning (PBL), in helping Iranian EFL learners not just learn but retain new vocabulary knowledge. To this end, an experimental approach using two groups...
Topics: ERIC Archive, Foreign Countries, English (Second Language), Second Language Instruction, Teaching...
This study sets out to explore Chinese adolescents' subjectivities toward the use of mobile phones, and reveal the dynamic relationship among students, parents, and school concerning mobile phone usage in rural China. Twenty-one high school students were recruited, and asked to draw a painting that expresses their perceptions of mobile phones in relation to family and school life. After analyzing the thematic drawings and their self-explanations upon the drawings, several themes arise: the...
Topics: ERIC Archive, Foreign Countries, Rural Areas, Adolescents, Telecommunications, Handheld Devices,...
This article confirms the reliability of a protean and boundaryless career attitudes scale, tested in a pilot study. Additionally, it summarises the results of this study into the career attitudes of professional staff in Australian and UK universities. A mixed methods approach was taken using a survey consisting of both closed questions on a 5-point Likert type scale, and an open text question that asked for respondents' career stories. The convenience sample consisted of 19 staff from...
Topics: ERIC Archive, Foreign Countries, Universities, Careers, Professional Personnel, Mixed Methods...
In this study, the aim was to construct a significant structural measurement model comparing students' affective characteristics with their mathematic achievement. According to this model, the aim was to test the measurement invariances between gender sub-groups hierarchically. This study was conducted as basic and descriptive research. Secondary level analyses were conducted on the Program for International Student Assessment (PISA) 2012 Turkish student questionnaire data. The sample consisted...
Topics: ERIC Archive, Foreign Countries, Measurement, Student Characteristics, Comparative Analysis,...
Background: The goal of the pedagogical content course is to teach how to make mathematics education better through the use of different teaching methods, and techniques. By learning the different teaching methods, future teachers will be able to apply their learning into the teaching. Aims: The aim of this exploratory study is to note and discuss some of the diversified views in the perspectives of the prospective mathematics teachers on improving creative thinking in problem solving. Sample:...
Topics: ERIC Archive, Creativity, Mathematics Education, Problem Solving, Creative Thinking, Mathematics...
A data of students in the urban and rural area institutions of N-W.F.P (Pakistan) and control group was collected to examine the different socio-economic factor which affects our education system. The logistic regression was applied to analyze the data and to select a parsimonious model. The response variable for the study is literate (illiterate) person(s) and the risk factors are Father literacy [FE], Father income [FI] Parents attitude towards education[PA], Mother literacy [ME], Present...
Topics: ERIC Archive, Statistical Analysis, Regression (Statistics), Socioeconomic Influences, Education,...
Knowledge Cartography is the discipline of visually mapping the conceptual structure of ideas, such as the connections between issues, concepts, answers, arguments and evidence. The cognitive process of externalising one's understanding clarifies one's own grasp of the situation, as well as communicating it to others as a network that invites their contributions. This sensemaking activity lies at the heart of the Open Educational Resources movement's objectives. The aim of this paper is to...
Topics: ERIC Archive, Concept Mapping, Web Sites, Cartography, Electronic Publishing, Maps, Educational...
Adjunct aids are instructional interventions inserted in textbooks in view of supporting learners to process the information. Different types of adjunct aids are assumed to support different cognitive processes. Research on adjunct aids has focussed on the learning effects of single types of adjunct aids. In this study, the learning effects of combinations of adjunct aids are studied. After completing a pre-test, 255 students studied a text presented on 21 separate computer screens in one of...
Topics: ERIC Archive, Textbooks, Computer Assisted Instruction, Cognitive Processes, Pretests Posttests,...
Literature on leadership and change suggests that leaders help drive and sustain first- and second-order change and that they help to motivate people towards a vision based on common values; therefore, leaders do need to be prepared for significant responsibility. Leaders should ask, what "grand narrative" are today's leaders, this including educational leaders, communicating--the status quo or a new vision? In moving toward a "new social order," how should emerging leaders...
Topics: ERIC Archive, Social Justice, Foreign Countries, Content Analysis, Instructional Leadership,...
When Ontario eliminated its unique fifth year of secondary school for post-secondary bound students, policy makers, educators, and the general public anticipated that the province would finally adhere to the four-year model of secondary education common to the rest of English speaking North America. For a significant number of students, however, this outcome did not prove to be the case; a substantial proportion of adolescents, having met their graduation requirements, voluntarily chose to...
Topics: ERIC Archive, Foreign Countries, Secondary Education, College Bound Students, College Preparation,...
This study examined individuals' concepts of human nature in Germany, the United States, and Indonesia. Three procedures were used with about 100 subjects in each country. Only the second procedure, a presentation of a story involving a character's dilemma that has moral and social consequences, is reported here. In each culture, there were some individuals who tried to solve the dilemma at each of several stages of understanding of human nature. The three highest stages are discussed. In Stage...
Topics: ERIC Archive, Cross Cultural Studies, Cultural Differences, Developmental Stages, Foreign...
This study investigated the effects of college students' actual, rather than manipulated, perception of control along with expressive instruction, as they relate to cognitive and emotional aspects of academic achievement. In a simulated college classroom study, 228 male and female introductory psychology students at the University of Manitoba wrote an aptitude test and were classified into Perceived Control (low, high) categories based on perceptions of control over performance. Students also...
Topics: ERIC Archive, Academic Achievement, Attribution Theory, Cognitive Style, College Instruction,...
In this technologically expanding world it is important for teachers and other educators to be aware of students' existing conceptions of technology and to provide appropriate avenues for change. This study interviewed high school students (n=26) in Newfoundland, Canada, about their beliefs of science and technology. Questions were asked regarding examples, processes, and purposes of science and technology; relationships between them; characteristics and responsibilities of scientists and...
Topics: ERIC Archive, Beliefs, Foreign Countries, High School Students, High Schools, Interviews, Science...
Changes in student perceptions over the first year of high school and the interrelations of student and student-reported mother, father, and teacher perceptions form the basis of this study. Self- and task-perceptions as well as utility judgments are measured in two subject domains, mathematics and English, since the transition to high school has been found to impact negatively on students' self-concepts in both these domains. Participants (N=365) are from 3 coeducational schools in...
Topics: ERIC Archive, Academic Achievement, English Instruction, Foreign Countries, High School Freshmen,...
This report examines the current state of community colleges in South Africa. A pilot study was designed to assess the state of thinking, practice, partnership, possibilities, programming, restructuring, and needs with regards to South African community colleges. Preliminary findings suggest that, where community colleges do exist, there is a strong sense that they represent powerful community, social and human resources development nodes that could promote the realization of FTE ideals as...
Topics: ERIC Archive, Access to Education, Community Colleges, Educational Assessment, Educational...
Noting that parents are vital partners in the educational system, this handbook provides parents with information about the Grade 5 curriculum in Catholic schools in Alberta, Canada. Based on the Alberta Learning "Programs of Study: Elementary Schools," the handbook describes the knowledge, skills, and attitudes Catholic school students in Alberta are expected to demonstrate upon completion of the Grade 5 curriculum. Following introductory material that includes information on...
Topics: ERIC Archive, Art Education, Catholic Schools, Educational Objectives, Elementary School...
Noting that parents are vital partners in the educational system, this handbook provides parents with information about the Grade 1 curriculum in Catholic schools in Alberta, Canada. Based on the Alberta Learning "Programs of Study: Elementary Schools," the handbook describes the knowledge, skills, and attitudes Catholic school students in Alberta are expected to demonstrate upon completion of the Grade 1 curriculum. Following introductory material that includes information on...
Topics: ERIC Archive, Art Education, Catholic Schools, Educational Objectives, Elementary School...
This report explores, in particular, the educational R&D systems in two countries, England and New Zealand, both members of the Organisation for Economic Co-operation and Development (OECD). OECD review teams have been assessing the effectiveness of the educational R&D systems in these two countries in developing and applying usable knowledge to improve the quality of educational practice and policy. The approach of the review teams is to analyze the national educational R&D system...
Topics: ERIC Archive, Educational Development, Educational Improvement, Educational Policy, Educational...
This report provides an overview of funding arrangements implemented as a result of the 1992 Australian National Training Authority (ANTA) Agreement. The Agreement sought to establish a unified national system of vocational education and training (VET) with joint Commonwealth, state and territory responsibility. The report discusses the outcomes of government, industry and individual investment in training, and includes examples of overseas funding models. (Contains 17 tables and 5 figures.)
Topics: ERIC Archive, Foreign Countries, Vocational Education, Financial Support, State Federal Aid,...
This paper outlines a symposium that brings together professors and graduate students from the University of Alberta to address the implications of site visitations on a graduate e-learning program within the Faculty of Education. The Master of Education in Educational Studies program is designed for the alternate, flexible delivery of graduate studies at the University of Alberta. The objective of this program is to improve graduate access to a Master of Education program in rural and urban...
Topics: ERIC Archive, Foreign Countries, Urban Areas, Graduate Students, Online Courses, Access to...